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sugar_in_your_tea ,

I just hope it'll be compatible with OG Switch games. If it is and it gives better performance to existing Switch games, I'll probably pick it up.

sugar_in_your_tea ,

That's awful if true. Factories should pay particular attention to cleanliness precisely because they're so prone to issues like this.

Shame on Ford for not making safety and cleanliness a top priority.

sugar_in_your_tea ,

distro hop a bit for the first month or so

I guess that depends on what your goal is. If you want to learn Linux, distro hopping won't help much and can even be counter-productive since you're just looking at different sets of configurations instead of making them yourself. Try a few, but at a certain point, you'll get better outcomes by digging in and figuring out how to get what you want. Most things can be done with any distro because Linux is Linux.

I personally use openSUSE Tumbleweed (been about 4 years now), and that's only because I needed to reinstall anyway because I wanted BTRFS on / for snapshotting. Before that I used Arch (about 5 years), before that was Fedora (1-2 years; switched because release upgrades took forever), and before that was Ubuntu (2-ish years; switched because a release upgrade broke stuff). I tried multiple desktop environments and Window Managers on each, which was really easy to do by just installing and configuring.

If you don't want to learn Linux and just want to accomplish some task (say, playing games), get a distro focused on that task and be happy. But if you want to learn Linux, pick a popular one and get your hands dirty until there's something you want to do that your current distro just doesn't handle well.

sugar_in_your_tea ,

Yeah, if you're planning on doing anything fancy (e.g. RTX, FSR/DLSS, streaming w/ a specific encoding, etc), do some digging to check compatibility on Linux, you may need a newer kernel or something. If you just want a general experience (e.g. mostly playing/using apps on default settings), it's less of a concern.

sugar_in_your_tea ,

Arch is fine, but you kind of need to know what's going on or you'll get overwhelmed and just nope out.

New users looking to accomplish a task (e.g. playing games, as in the OP) should use a mainstream distro with a graphical installer and whatnot. New users looking to learn Linux and want to use Arch can just use Arch. It's really not that hard, but it's also not the easiest to get started with.

I used Arch for 5 years and it was fine, but I got tired of a couple of annoyances and bailed (mostly Nvidia drivers getting out of sync w/ the kernel, manual intervention on upgrades, etc). I now use openSUSE Tumbleweed, which annoys me a lot less and has a very similar feel at the end of the day. I think Arch is fine, but I'm only going to recommend mainstream distros with a GUI-centric UX unless the person gives some indication that something else is preferred.

sugar_in_your_tea ,

with c++ they’ll learn programming faster

I strongly disagree.

If you want someone to learn how programming works mechanically, recommend C. It's a very simple abstraction over the hardware, unlike C++ which comes with a ton of complexity that's completely unrelated to the task of learning how programming works. There's way too much magic with things like templates, operator overloading, etc that gets in the way. In fact, I recommend learning C on very simple hardware, like an Arduino, where you don't have any of the nonsense associated with operating systems, like system-specific nuances in file handling and whatnot.

That said, I'll always recommend Python first to new programmers. It has relatively little magic while abstracting away most of the annoyances and footguns that you'll get in lower-level languages like C. Once the user is comfortable using Python to get things done and is interested in learning more, I'd throw them in the deep end and recommend Rust, which forces you to contend with things programmers are expected to understand (but can easily get away with not understanding) in C/C++, such as ownership and lifetimes. Python is the "get stuff done" language, and Rust is "theoretical CS in practice." If they really like Rust, I'll steer them toward functional languages like Haskell which go even harder on the CS theory. Or if they want something a bit more "mainstream" than Rust (e.g. they want to make games), going for C++ makes a lot of sense, and they'd probably write better C++ because they've learned the strategies and terminology from Rust.

sugar_in_your_tea ,

I “distro hop” repeatedly every day since we use a mix of ubuntu and rhel “at work” and I use a mix of debian and fedora “at home”.

My understanding of "distro hopping" is reinstalling the OS to try something different, not just using something different throughout the day. I also use a few different distros for different reasons (openSUSE Leap for my NAS, openSUSE Tumbleweed for my desktop/laptop, Debian for my VPS, Alpine for containers, etc). The package manager is the main important difference between them, and that's really easy to look up as needed.

But you are more describing “learn openSUSE” or “learn Fedora” as opposed to “learn Linux”.

To an extent. A lot of people recommend "distro hopping" to try a different desktop environment or something, and I've always just configured those within whatever distro I'm using at the time. I only switch when I either need to reinstall anyway, or something with how the maintainers handle packaging annoys me enough to try something else.

So yeah, I only recommend "distro hopping" when first trying Linux because hopping is fun, but once you see what's available, I think it's counter-productive unless you have a clear reason why your distro won't work with what you want.

sugar_in_your_tea ,

Agreed. The only people who should "learn" a particular distro are the distro maintainers and support people. Everyone else should just learn Linux generally, and ideally get some exposure to a few different distros if they'll be doing anything admin-y. But "regular users" are fine sticking to one, provided it solves their problems.

sugar_in_your_tea , (edited )

I just interviewed someone who I'm pretty sure is a trans female. Her being trans didn't come up, because it wasn't relevant at all to the job position. We're probably moving forward with her because she did better than the other candidates for the role.

It wasn't an issue, and I doubt it'll be an issue if she accepts the position because I don't work with bigoted jerks. And this is in a very conservative state.

The court of public opinion is not and will not be on this person's side. Your gender identity does not change your inalienable rights. I too hope this bigot rots in prison.

Trump Tells Right-Wing Christians They Will Have Power at 'Level You've Never Used Before' (

Just ahead of his headline spot at the CPAC convention in Virginia and the South Carolina primary on Saturday, Republican presidential frontrunner Donald Trump delivered a speech to right-wing broadcasters Thursday night in which the former president vowed to hand power over to the Christian nationalist movement on an...

sugar_in_your_tea ,

Yeah, there's a reason my very religious state preferred Ted Cruz and even Kasich to Trump in 2016...

He didn't win my state in the general because he's pious, he won my state because he's Republican, she unfortunately that's all that matters here.

sugar_in_your_tea ,

As a 30s millennial, I've listened to a ton of AM and still do occasionally. It's great for sports and advisories (e.g. when traveling through a sketchy pass), I just avoid the evangelical stations because they're nonsense. I used to like Dave Ramsey for the callers (dislike his advice though), and I still sometimes listen to KLove periodically on FM for generic pop without the sexually charged lyrics.

Likewise, I listen to FM pretty much every day. I generally prefer classic rock (before my time), and there's some decent stations for it in my area. I'll alternate between that and audiobooks for my commute most days.

Different strokes I guess.

sugar_in_your_tea , (edited )

Exactly, and that's a key of the Constitution. See Article six:

no religious Test shall ever be Required as a Qualification To any Office or public Trust under the United States

And the first amendment:

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof.

The supreme law of the land says there's no state religion, religion cannot be required for any official capacity in the government, and the equal protection clause of the 14th amendment guarantees the right to religion or no religion to all. States cannot be "religious states" as that's a violation of the Constitution.

This representative must have basic reading comprehension skills if they ever read the Constitution, and reading and understanding the Constitution should, imo, be mandatory for all elected officials.

sugar_in_your_tea ,

Is that so?

It fits with my understanding as well, but comes from investment grade bond ratings where AAA usually signifies the highest quality (i.e. the best chance of getting paid back). A AA bond is still a good bond, but it has a higher risk of default.

But in practice, I just see AAA as a "high budget production," both in development costs and marketing. It doesn't mean it's a better product, just one with a lot more money on the line.

sugar_in_your_tea ,

Playing it on hero mode on Switch now, and it's pretty good. Though my personal GOAT is A Link to the Past. I also really like TLoZ, but that's mostly nostalgia talking.

sugar_in_your_tea ,

Exactly. Most people seem to be worried about things that are non-issues, and completely ignore things that are.

For example, private sales are legal in many parts of the country, and those often don't require any paperwork to be submitted (though I think records of sale need to be kept). If you work selling guns, you're not allowed to do private sales whatsoever, so that's a non-issue as well. But if you just own guns, you may sell them person to person legally in enough states to matter.

And that's where I think we need reform. All gun sales should go through either a firearm dealer or the local police, since those are the groups capable of doing the necessary checks. Those should have a nominal fee attached, but nothing so high as to encourage black market sales. I also think all gun buyers should be required to prove that they've done a gun safety course somewhat recently.

But gun reform advocates blame manufacturers and retailers, yet they're not the causes of the problems we're seeing.

sugar_in_your_tea ,

Yeah, what about religious hairstyles, like Sihks having long hair gathered up on top of the head?

Just... let people have whatever hair they want...

sugar_in_your_tea ,

And their rules don't supercede federal law. Some religions forbid cutting of hair (e.g. Sikh), so that would be protected under the first amendment. If one individual is not obligated to cut their hair for religious purposes, surely another individual could choose to not cut their hair under the equal protection clause, even without claiming religious exemption. If not, one party gets special privileges that another does not just because they're part of a protected class, which is unfair.

That said, I think they can absolutely enforce hair not going beyond your shoulders, since people can tie their hair up. There may be practical reasons for it (e.g. safety, such as in a shop class), or just a uniform standard of appearance. But that's not what the article is about. If I were the student's parents, I would seriously consider appealing on constitutional grounds.

sugar_in_your_tea ,

I'm in a very conservative part of the country and there are a few boys in my neighborhood that have long hair. And that's with the culture here being against such things.

It's really a non-issue pretty much everywhere. I guess some admin somewhere was a bit too power hungry.

sugar_in_your_tea ,

For YouTube, I've found NewPipe (and probably others) offers a much better experience than YouTube in the web.

The real reason I want PWAs to be a thing is because I don't want to always use iOS and Android, and PWAs allow me to use an alternative. I really want to use a Linux phone like Pinephone, and PWAs will be a big part of that transition. PWAs are the only truly cross-platform development option, so they offer value to web devs as well as users.

sugar_in_your_tea , (edited )

It's just the state version of the federal Fair Labor Standards Act section 14c. I think an employer would need a federal exemption as well as a state exemption, though I'm not sure.

So no, they couldn't do anything related to religion whatsoever because that's not allowed under federal law (or state law for that matter).

sugar_in_your_tea ,

Linda Thomas-Greenfield, called the most recent resolution “wishful and irresponsible,” arguing that a ceasefire would interrupt diplomatic efforts to pause the fighting, even though a ceasefire would achieve that very goal.

Uh, what?

sugar_in_your_tea , (edited )

I ordered mine like 2 days after they announced it, and I haven't regretted it at all. I almost never preorder things, but the Steam Deck just scratched every itch I had (handheld PC gaming, reasonable price, Linux, repairability).

I'll probably pick up the SD 2 pretty early as well. It's such a great experience and they've earned my trust with both launch quality and follow up improvements.

sugar_in_your_tea ,

I think the GF is a metaphor for marketshare, not gamers.

sugar_in_your_tea ,

And there's nothing stopping you from making the partition writable, it's just not a great idea since the update mechanism has certain expectations. But it's your device, so do what you want.

sugar_in_your_tea ,

You shouldn't need to use any of the Arch stuff on Steam OS. It had a read-only root, so you'd need to disable that to use any pacman commands anyway.

You should be able to get everything you need through the Discover store, since most applications are available through flatpak. That should be a similar experience as any other app store, provided you know what you're looking for.

The main issues imo have nothing to do with Linux, but the form factor:

  • screen to small to use for reading text
  • no keyboard, so that needs to be brought separately
  • doesn't stand up on its own, so you'd need a stand
  • awkward shape for fitting into a bag with other stuff

If you're always plugging it into the dock, I'm not sure why you wouldn't just get a desktop or something and keep your data on a USB drive or in the cloud. If you use it even occasionally as a mobile computing device on battery, just get a laptop, that's what they're designed for.

sugar_in_your_tea ,

The Mythical Man Month is the book it came from, in case anyone cares.

sugar_in_your_tea ,

Just... play on a private server... Or single player.

sugar_in_your_tea ,

Yup, if you are worried about cheaters, play with people you trust or by yourself. I don't see any benefit to playing with randoms...

The Great Compression | Thanks to soaring housing prices, the era of the 400-square-foot subdivision house is upon us. (

These remind me of the post-1906 earthquake shacks. Better built attached housing would likely let people live better at a similar, if they could manage to agree on reasonable rules about living just a bit closer.

sugar_in_your_tea ,

And here in the west.

The problem is that they're often in groups, away from the city center, and nowhere close to transit. So we need even more roads to get everyone with their cars where they need to go.

What we need is mixed zoning with transit in mind.

sugar_in_your_tea ,

we have gone to the other extreme of too little regulations

The real problem is that consequences for bad behavior just aren't crippling enough to deter bad behavior. Regulations often just place a price on bad behavior, and companies optimize for costs, so usually violating a regulation is just a cost of doing business.

Regulations don't necessarily improve behavior, they just fix a cost to it. So we should increase corporate liability so execs face criminal charges far more often (can't pass that on to customers) and charge for negative externalities (like carbon taxes) so they have a consistent cost to factor into their balance sheets.

outsourcing jobs to other countries, building all our crap in China

Why? We have low unemployment, so we should be outsourcing our low value work so our workers can have the higher paying jobs. Making stuff here just makes it cost more, and reduces our labor pool.

too big to fail

The reason they're too big to fail is because of cronyism. They use government to protect themselves from failure.

I agree, we shouldn't let companies get that big, but the solution isn't forceful break-up, but removal of those protections that they've built up over the years. So things like cable companies throwing obstacles (read: regulations) in the way of competitors.

We need to remove bad regulations and probably create some good new ones. But it all starts by removing protections so market forces can work.

I am tired of my insurance being tied to my employer. I am tired of forced arbitration

Do you know why that is? Wage and price controls during wartime forced companies to find ways to entice workers other than increasing wages, so we got the comprehensive benefits situation we have now. That worked its way into government, so things like the ACA take workplace benefits into account when determining what benefits you can have.

So we should start by removing incentives for businesses to offer healthcare. Some ideas:

  • require employers to offer the cash value of any benefits they offer if the employee refuses them
  • replace workplace retirement options with a simplified and expensed IRA (let employers contribute like they can with HSA, but keep the same caps regardless of if they contribute)
  • restructure SS to be something like UBI instead of a retirement "plan" - simplifies retirement planning since you don't need to factor in average income and whatnot

In short, make W-2 employment look a lot more like self-employment so switching jobs doesn't leave employees with a not of confusing decisions, they just pick based on pay and work environment.

The problem isn't capitalism but human nature


In my opinion, the role of government is to police that human behavior, as in, ensure everyone is playing by the rules. Large organizations get a seat at the table that most of us don't, and that needs to change.

But as you said, the problem here isn't "capitalism," it's special interests, and those exist regardless of economic system. The goal should be to make the system as transparent as possible so us plebs (read: journalists and independent auditing groups) can see and help fix problems. Thinking about the issue as "more" vs "less" regulation misses the point, the goal should be in simplifying government so it's easier to catch those who cheat.

sugar_in_your_tea ,

My perspective is that the larger the organization is, the more likely it'll get a carve-out in the law. The more complex the law, the more carve-outs special interests get.

So making more laws isn't the solution here, we should be striving to make simpler laws. For example, instead of a complex system of carbon emissions standards for vehicles based on type, just charge a carbon tax that approximates the cost of removing that carbon. The former gave us massive SUVs because they're regulated as light trucks instead of passenger cars (so they have lighter regulations), the latter would encourage higher efficiency without a slew of regulations.

get the motivations to line up correctly

That's the preferred solution imo.

But I can’t think of any practical solutions that also align with freedoms.

A lot of leftists look at government as the hammer to solve problems. Sometimes that's the right approach, but often it's not.

What seems to work consistently is to make bad things expensive/criminal. If people die due to negligence (e.g. irresponsible cost cutting), put anyone involved in jail. If the payoff is higher than the penalty for bad behavior, increase the penalty.

sugar_in_your_tea ,

how do you determine the cost of removing carbon

Estimate. Start with a low estimate for the social cost of carbon and see how the market reacts. At the same time, we can provide grants for carbon sequestration projects, but no subsidies for categories of solutions.

Does creating a new solar/wind power plant count?

No, solar/wind would also pay a carbon tax based on their manufacturing processes, though that would be a lot less than fossil fuel generation.

I'm not a fan of subsidies since those encourage "creative accounting," and instead prefer simple, quantitative penalties.

This is what the carbon offset economy

No, the carbon offset economy was supposed to be a way to allow creative accounting to limit responsibility.

If an org wants to install renewables to offset some of their energy use, then they need to actually use the energy to offset their energy use, not just tally it up. I don't care about generation numbers, I care about tons of CO2 and other emissions.

if the chance of getting caught is low people will still do it

Right, so increase the chance that cheaters will get caught. Set default emissions numbers to a high (but reasonable) number based on worst case estimates, and require orgs to prove they're emitting less. Do it for all imports and domestic industries alike so it's fair.

Then randomly audit after approval. If companies get caught, fine and revert to the high estimate until they prove they've fixed their accounting (perhaps after some number of years of correct reports). This should be highly automatable, and I'm guessing most domestic orgs already have high quality numbers.

That's a really simple solution since there's no complex adjustments based on local offsets, just number of tons emitted. The only tricky business is sequestration, and orgs would need to prove it's actually sequestered.

sugar_in_your_tea ,

Yup, I provided a bit of good content, but I left as soon as the API change was announced.

sugar_in_your_tea ,

They would probably notice and roll them back. Bulk edits raise some red flags.

sugar_in_your_tea ,

Nah, lemmy censors that, but only if it's your Social Security number. Here, I'll post mine as proof.

With dashes:




And here's a different SSN that's not mine:


Pretty cool!

sugar_in_your_tea ,

I assume you're talking about the cloud version? My coworker said they could access Game Pass through the browser on Steam Deck, but that's not really the same as running on Steam Deck, that's streaming to Steam Deck.

I think there are a lot of Steam Deck owners who want games running on the Deck before buying the service (I'm one of them).

sugar_in_your_tea ,

The older they are, the more dangerous they get.

sugar_in_your_tea ,

My understanding is that the simulation isn't faked, just buggy. That's not that much better, but buggy means it'll probably be fixed eventually.

sugar_in_your_tea ,

Same, I play the native Linux version on my computer as well.

sugar_in_your_tea ,

Yes, they likely intentionally shipped a buggy simulation due to a variety of factors. That doesn't mean the simulation is fake, it means it isn't finished, much like a lot of the rest of the game (missing LODs being a big one).

I'm guessing they had a start on the simulation, but it wasn't complete enough for release so they shipped with it partially enabled.

sugar_in_your_tea ,

Yes, the game absolutely failed to live up to the advertising on launch, and still falls short to this day. That's a fact.

That doesn't mean the economy is fake, it just means the implementation of the economy at this point is buggy. The game has high CPU usage, so it's obviously calculating something, I'm guessing it was just not well tested (if at all) like much of the rest of the game. The game was not ready for release, yet they released it anyway, and they seem to admit it (look at the last minute perf revision at launch as an example).

I think the game was half baked and the execs decided to release anyway. The systems seem to be there, they're just not properly hooked up/implemented, and they're definitely buggy. That's a very different thing from not existing whatsoever.

The difference isn't particularly important to players right now, but it is important for the game in a year or so down the line. If they acknowledge it as a bug, there's a good chance they'll fix it (and for something that big, that means it's probably already partially implemented). If they say "working as intended," it's incredibly unlikely.

sugar_in_your_tea ,

No, from the evidence I've seen, they've partially implemented the simulation. It seems the code is there (from high CPU usage), it's just not working properly.

So it's a bug. It's not working as the developers have said it should, and they seem intent on fixing it.

Can you manage your house with a local, no-cloud voice assistant? Mostly, yes. (

“As it stands today, we’re not ready yet to tell people that our voice assistant is a replacement for Google/Amazon,” Schoutsen wrote. “We don’t have to be as good as their systems, but there is a certain bar of usable that we haven’t reached yet.”...

sugar_in_your_tea ,

Honestly, just having it call out to a script would be plenty to interest me. I could rig it up to search YouTube for music or something and get a ton of value out of it.

brandonleedy , to firefox avatar

Okay hear me out. What if we all chipped in 5 bucks to @firefox? How many people would it take to fund it well enough so they don’t have to do layoffs? I get it, the FOSS community wants the “F” part but we all should contribute some for good infrastructure. And the idea that search engine payments from Google is what keeps Firefox afloat should worry us all. We need browser engine diversity if the web is going to stay open and not littered with walled gardens any more than it already is.

sugar_in_your_tea ,


There's a lot more ways Mozilla could make privacy-friendly features that don't restrict choice, so they should focus on those. I'm willing to pay if they make good products, but make it easy to pick something else instead.

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