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JustCodeCulture

@JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social

As on Threads (& X, for now), using aspirational @JustCodeCulture

Historian-social politics of #AI #HCI #privacy #labor #gender #race #disability #infosec & #climate

Prof. of Hist. of Sci/Tech & Dir., Charles Babbage Inst. for Computing, Info & Culture- a Res. Ctr/, U of MN

Co-Editor, Johns Hopkins U. P. interdisciplinary book series #Computing & #Culture

blockchainandsociety.com is my crit. inq. essays blog on #blockchain & AI

EIC #Interfaces

#Histodons #STS #commodon #Sociology

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JustCodeCulture , to histodons
@JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social avatar

Please see CBI Sr. Res. Fellow Jim Cortada 's insightful essay on IBM Corporate Culture in Interfaces! Drawn in part from his impressive recent book Inside IBM: Lessons from a Corporate Culture in Action (Columbia Business School Press, 2023).

@histodons
@management

https://cse.umn.edu/cbi/interfaces

JustCodeCulture , to tech
@JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social avatar

Disturbing article on NSA surveillance and right to privacy, without warrant or warrants.


@histodons
@politicalscience

https://www.nytimes.com/2024/01/25/us/politics/nsa-internet-privacy-warrant.html

JustCodeCulture , to tech
@JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social avatar

CBI HCI History Lecture with HCI pioneer Aaron Marcus.

"Aaron Marcus: A Lifetime of Design." Please join us and register for this free online lecture held Jan. 31st 3pm Central/1PM Pacific/4pm Eastern.


@sigchi
@histodons
@ACM

https://umn.zoom.us/meeting/register/tJMtc-GgqDsoHNBhfNvysrqo4eDRp1j4r2kG#/registration

JustCodeCulture , to sociology
@JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social avatar

@ACM ACM History Committee (HC) Fellowships.

Our ACM HC awards up to 4 fellowships (up to $4K each) to advance projects that substantially focus on ACM's history. Info @ link (pdf of call) Due Feb. 15, '24
@histodons
@communicationscholars
@sociology
@anthropology

https://history.acm.org/wp-content/uploads/2023/11/ACM-fellowship_CFP_2024.pdf

JustCodeCulture , to ai
@JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social avatar

New essay (Jan. 2024).

"Bitcoin's Baptism in the Heavenly City of 21st Century Financiers."

On cypherpunk Bitcoin religion/cult and how its ethos squares w/ BlackRock and giant asset mgt ETF issuers, all in some historical contexts.


@histodons
@communicationscholars
@sociology a.gup.pe
@economics

https://z.umn.edu/BTCbaptism

JustCodeCulture , to ai
@JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social avatar

ew Interfaces Essay Jan. '24 William Aspray "Is AI an Existential Threat? Let’s First Understand What an Existential Threat Is." provides a compelling analysis of existential threats & institutions studying them.


@histodons
@sociology a.gup.pe
@politicalscience
@anthropology

https://cse.umn.edu/cbi/interfaces

JustCodeCulture , to tech
@JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social avatar

Big Blue Misses Out on Action Classic Die Hard (CBI image o' day)

If you look closely (expand color image and on its left), you'll see the Control Data Cyber 180 in 'Die Hard.'

From former CDC employee I. Johnson: "The production co.'s first pick backed out at the last minute. They made a last-minute deal to use our Cybers."

@commodon
@histodons

B&W Control Data office image of Control Data Cyber 180 set up with four office workers. A woman doing paper work in the middle and two workers at machines seated with a man looking over the shoulders at one of the two monitors.

JustCodeCulture , to tech
@JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social avatar

Congratulations to CBI Sr. Research Fellow William Aspray who just published Understanding Information History: The Case of America in 1920 (Springer).

@histodons

https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-3-031-44134-9#about-this-book

JustCodeCulture , to tech
@JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social avatar

CBI Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) History Award Call for 2024

Applications/nominations (self-nominations are WELCOME) due Feb. 15, '24, for book, article, other media from trailing 3 yrs '23, '22, '21. PLS Share! Cmt: @teaselmuir, G. Con Diaz, Dag Spicer, Liz Petrick & me.

@histodons @a.gup.pe
@ACM
@sigchi
@anthropology
https://z.umn.edu/HCI-history

https://z.umn.edu/HCI-history

JustCodeCulture , to tech
@JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social avatar

Explorer 8 satellite mockup, Parade Of Progress Show at the Public Hall, Cleveland, Ohio (Aug. 14, 1964).

@histodons

JustCodeCulture , to ai
@JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social avatar

Excellent response in this essay, by Sephora Bemba, to the NYT's recent & repeated profiling only/or primarily male AI "pioneers."


@histodons @sociology
https://medium.com/@bemba.sephora/ny-times-missed-these-12-trailblazers-meet-the-women-transforming-ai-ae522f52a8b7

JustCodeCulture , to tech
@JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social avatar

CBI Image of the Day

Did you know that before they were making razors,
@PhilipsNorelco
made intercom systems? Neither did we! The image of the day shows the Norelco S1 (left and the Norelco S2 (right), ca. 1960s.

@histodons @commodon
@sociology

JustCodeCulture , to ai
@JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social avatar

Visionary book, Unmasking AI, & commentary from Dr. Joy Buolamwini on AI & amplifying inequalities!

"With the adoption of AI systems, at first I thought we were looking at a mirror, but now I believe we're looking into a kaleidoscope of distortion," Buolamwini says. "Because the technologies we believe to be bringing us into the future are actually taking us back from the progress already made."

@histodons @sociology @anthropology

https://www.npr.org/2023/11/28/1215529902/unmasking-ai-facial-recognition-technology-joy-buolamwini

JustCodeCulture , to tech
@JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social avatar

A bit ironic given this is disseminated over the Internet...

The Internet would be far better if giant corporations didn't control platforms & endlessly surveille & profile & do so very unequally--to me that largely is a capitalism, governance & regulatory failure--power & control of infrastructure.

@histodons @sociology @anthropology

https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2023/11/home-internet-landline-amazon-smartphone/676070/

JustCodeCulture OP ,
@JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social avatar

@curmudgeonaf @histodons @sociology @anthropology

I do not dispute that poor behavior by people makes the internet worse. The investment in content moderation is minimal compared to the need. X, Meta (Facebook, Threads, Instagram) all profiteer off hate content and other content that harms. Strong regs wouldn't make it anywhere near perfect but would be better than what exists now.

JustCodeCulture , to sociology
@JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social avatar

CBI image of the day is of women working on binding wires together, following a schematic on paper pinned to the work surface as part of the Semi-Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) air defense system. The processing power for SAGE was driven by the IBM AN/FSQ-7.
@histodons @sociology @anthroplogy

JustCodeCulture , to ai
@JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social avatar

Excellent article by Luba Kassova on
gender imbalance & bias in AI.

"From analysing data and conversations with experts, I realise that, whether as developers, news editors or AI experts, women are largely absent from the AI world."

@histodons @sociology

https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2023/nov/25/where-are-godmothers-of-ai-womens-voices-not-heard-in-tech-sam-altman-openai?s=09

JustCodeCulture , to tech
@JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social avatar

A Thanksgiving Tale: Altruistically Giving SAMs WE ARE

There once were two Sams (A & BF), into Effective Altruism (EA), a eugenics-rooted cult only altruistic to the chosen few. SBF's in jail on fraud, Sam A runs nonprofit, OpenAI, that is for profit, not open & makes tech that isn't artificial or intelligent. Sam A was fired for not being full on EA enough, but rehired--capitalism wins!

The End

@sociology @histodons

Sam Bankman Fried color photo Cointelegraph, CC BY 3.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

JustCodeCulture , to histodons
@JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social avatar

CBI Image of the Day: J. Boyer Machine Co. employees seated and standing outside of the Boyer Machine Shop in St. Louis, MO, ca 1890s. This would evolve into the Burroughs Adding Machine Company and later Burroughs Corporation, a computer manufacturer headquartered in Detroit for most of the 20th century before merging with Sperry Univac to become Unisys.

@histodons

JustCodeCulture , to tech
@JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social avatar

Microsoft's Chief Scientific Officer E. Horvitz assembled this collection of essays, many from academics on AI helping humans to flourish.

While interesting, it collectively is a one-sided picture that MUST be read w/ a critical eye given its source & Microsoft's financial interests. It is light on surveillance, labor, racism, sexism & other risks & social harms AI is & will bring, especially AI controlled by giant corporations.

@histodons
@sociology

https://unlocked.microsoft.com/ai-anthology/eric-horvitz/?s=09

JustCodeCulture , to tech
@JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social avatar

Throwback Thursday election version! Twin Cities CBS TV affiliate, @wcco anchors (L to R) Skip Loescher, Dave Moore, Pat Miles, reporting on the returns at the Control Data Corporation news desk on election night November 2, 1982.

@histodons
@politicalscience

JustCodeCulture , to ai
@JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social avatar

Grateful for Oct. trips to Capitol Hill to offer historical perspective on AI and to frame contemporary social risks and opportunities--first at the @AHAHistorians AHA Congressional Briefing on AI w/ Janet Abbate @nescioquid & Matt Connelly (to air on CSPAN) then at the AI Policy Symposium and Inauguration of Academic Alliance for AI Policy (for which I & the Babbage Institute will be ongoing participants)

@histodons
@politicalscience
@anthropology

https://z.umn.edu/YostCapitolHill

JustCodeCulture , to histodons
@JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social avatar

From the CBI Archives.
UCLA CS Prof Leonard Kleinrock, successfully transmitted the first message over ARPANET from UCLA to Stanford. The group intended to transmit the word “LOGIN,” but the system crashed just after they had sent the first two letters.

@histodons @sociology

JustCodeCulture , to tech
@JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social avatar

CBI Image of the Day (Election Day).

Today's image of the day shows Joe Sullivan (seated) and Tom Burke (standing) using PLATO terminals to record Hennepin County election returns at the Minneapolis Business & Technical Center, as local CBS TV affiliate WCCO films the action, 1982.

@histodons
@sociology
@politicalscience

JustCodeCulture , to tech
@JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social avatar

Each year the CHARLES BABBAGE INSTITUTE for COMPUTING, INFORMATION & CULTURE awards the Tomash Fellowship to an outstanding ABD researching/writing a history of computing/software dissertation.

Many leading scholars of the history and sociology of tech are past Tomash recipients!

Info at link. Deadline is January 15, 2024.

@histodons
@sociology
@anthropology

cse.umn.edu/cbi/adelle-and-erwin-tomash-fellowship-history-information-technology

JustCodeCulture , to ai
@JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social avatar

CBI is thrilled to have just added three addtional, stellar scholars as CBI Research Fellows, UC, Davis' Gerardo Con Diaz, Cornell's Rebecca Slayton & American Swedish Institute President/CEO (past CMU Prof. & Vice Provost) Molly Wright Steenson. Congrats & many thanks to Con, Rececca & Molly! @histodons @sociology @sigchi @ACM

https://cse.umn.edu/cbi/feature-stories/con-diaz-slayton-and-steenson-are-now-cbi-research-fellows

JustCodeCulture , to tech
@JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social avatar

We are thrilled that MIT HASTS doctoral candidate Alex Reiss Sorokin was awarded the Tomash Fellowship & began her term in Sept. '23. CONGRATULATIONS Alex!!! Her fascinating & important dissertation project is: "From Research to Search: Technologies of Legal Research, 1964-1994." @histodons @sociology @politicalscience @anthropology @law

https://cse.umn.edu/cbi/feature-stories/sorokin-named-2023-2024-tomash-fellow

JustCodeCulture , to tech
@JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social avatar

Marty Goetz, a kind & wonderfully gifted pioneer in software products & software patenting, passed earlier this month--first software patent ever issued was Marty's!!!

I had the pleasure/honor of conducting an oral history interview with him. Both his Papers & ADR Corp. Records are at the Charles Babbage's Institute's Archives. @histodons @sociology

https://www.nytimes.com/2023/10/21/technology/martin-goetz-dead.html

JustCodeCulture , to ai
@JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social avatar

Please share: In DC, on Fri, Oct. 20 @9am (& later airing on CSPAN) Princeton's Matt Jones VT's Janet Abbate, Columbia's Matt Connelly, & I are doing a public/free https://mastodon.social/@AHAHistorians@historians.social AHA Congressional Briefing on how AI history informs AI risks.

Location:
Dirksen Senate Off. Bldg. Rm G11

@histodons
@AHAHistorians
@sociology
@anthropology
@politicalscience
@ACM
@sigchi

Congressional Briefings | AHA (historians.org)

JustCodeCulture , to tech
@JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social avatar

How did the 1960s to 1990s publication, the famed Whole Earth Catalog of , have strong undercurrents of hype & libertarianism? All 20,000+ pages NOW are ONLINE free as high res scans.

It reflected & reinforced the "California Ideology" we see today in Silicon Valley innovation & solutionism!

An amazing, visually striking online resource to either casually peruse or to analyze!

@histodons
@sociology

https://wholeearth.info/

JustCodeCulture , to tech
@JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social avatar

How did the 1960s to 1990s publication, the famed Whole Earth Catalog of , have strong undercurrents of hype & libertarianism? All 20,000+ pages NOW are ONLINE free as high res scans.

It reflected & reinforced the "California Ideology" we see today in Silicon Valley innovation & solutionism!

An amazing, visually striking online resource to either casually peruse or to analyze!

@histodons
@sociology

https://wholeearth.info/

JustCodeCulture , to tech
@JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social avatar

CBI Image of the Day:

From the Tomash Library on the History of Computing, Galileo's proportional compass, which was a calculating instrument for performing geometrical & arithmetical operations, using the proportionality between corresponding sides of two similar triangles.

@histodons

JustCodeCulture , to tech
@JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social avatar

Terrific article on the life and work of path breaking physicist Lise Meitner, & gender bias in awarding Nobel Prizes!

@histodons
@sociology

https://www.nytimes.com/2023/10/02/science/lise-meitner-fission-nobel.html

JustCodeCulture , to ai
@JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social avatar

Mis-History is no Mystery with LLMs

Poisoning Web search & misinformation further & faster. The obvious risks and reality of LLMs & bots.

What I like about the article is it discusses recent PhD Daniel Griffin's (Berekeley) accidental experiment regarding the history of Claude Shannon & information theory history & further corrupting search & information.

@histodons
@sociology
@anthropology
@ACM

https://www.wired.com/story/fast-forward-chatbot-hallucinations-are-poisoning-web-search/

JustCodeCulture , to tech
@JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social avatar

CBI Image of the Day:

In the depths of the UMN Department of Computer Science and Engineering files, we find original FORTRAN punch cards, ca. early 1970s.

@histodons

JustCodeCulture , to tech
@JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social avatar

Time for the Fall of the Google Empire (or at least major regs).

This DOJ case will be critical to going after other Big Tech.

"Google has worked tirelessly over the last 20 years to ensure its search engine is the default option for a host of mobile devices, wireless carriers and web browsers. The company has done this despite knowing it risked creating a monopoly--U.S. DOJ."

@histodons
@sociology
@politicalscience

https://www.politico.com/news/2023/09/15/inside-the-start-of-the-landmark-google-antitrust-trial-00116263

JustCodeCulture , to tech
@JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social avatar

CBI Image of the Day:

Iconic image of Kay Mauchly (AKA: Kathleen Rita McNulty Mauchly Antonelli), one of the original programmers on the ENIAC during WWII, with husband John Mauchly, ENIAC co-inventor, and Arthur Draper, as they look over the UNIVAC LARC in 1960.

@histodons
@sociology
@anthropology

JustCodeCulture , to tech
@JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social avatar

CBI Image of the Day:

Iconic image of Kay Mauchly (AKA: Kathleen Rita McNulty Mauchly Antonelli), one of the original programmers on the ENIAC during WWII, with husband John Mauchly, ENIAC co-inventor, and Arthur Draper, as they look over the UNIVAC LARC in 1960.

@histodons
@sociology
@anthropology

JustCodeCulture , to tech
@JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social avatar

CBI Image of the Day:

The IBM EA-6B, used for the Navy's EA-6B Prowler, an electronic warfare aircraft. This marked the first time a micro-programmed logic control, implemented with read-only storage, was used in aerospace applications, ca 1960s.


@histodons

JustCodeCulture , to tech
@JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social avatar

CBI Image of the Day:

The IBM 5100, one of the first portable computers, combined a typewriter-like electronic keyboard, a 10-keypad for data entry, a 1024-character display, a processing unit with up to 64K positions of main storage, and a tape cartridge for storing data. (1975).

@histodons
@sociology

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  • JustCodeCulture , to tech
    @JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social avatar

    CBI Image of the Day:

    From CBI's current exhibit by Amanda Wick and Darren Terpstra. "How IT Started, How IT is Going"

    Atari interface and Atari 1050 disk drive with joystick, Pong game, etc. 1979-1982.


    @histodons
    @commodon
    @sociology

    JustCodeCulture , to tech
    @JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social avatar

    As someone who studies data privacy, very little in surveillance capitalism & exploitation of users by corporations surprises me.

    BUT THIS: Kia, Nissan & others privacy policies state collecting and using information on your "sexual activity" & "sex life." Given cars are computers on wheels!!!

    @histodons
    @commodon
    @anthropology
    @sociology
    @politicalscience

    https://www.msn.com/en-us/autos/other/the-sex-lives-of-nissan-and-kia-drivers/ar-AA1gn8BM

    JustCodeCulture OP ,
    @JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social avatar
    JustCodeCulture , to tech
    @JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social avatar
    JustCodeCulture , to histodons
    @JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social avatar

    CBI Image of the Day:

    In keeping with our back-to-school theme this week, here we have an 8th-grade classroom at St. Veronica's school with 40 students seated at tables or desks, each equipped with a Burroughs calculating machine as a math tool, 1955.



    @histodons
    @sociology

    JustCodeCulture , to tech
    @JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social avatar

    Important Privacy Policy Win (for UK & beyond)!

    @Mer__edith : “It’s absolutely a victory...It commits to not using broken tech or broken techniques to undermine end-to-end encryption.”

    Interested in policy, social, & historical research on privacy? CBI has amazing archives on the topic & we are doing a [ proj.+oral histories on a major NSF grant]


    @histodons @commodon
    @sociology
    @anthropology
    @politicalscience

    https://www.wired.co.uk/article/britain-admits-defeat-in-online-safety-bill-encryption

    JustCodeCulture , to ai
    @JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social avatar

    China IT giant Baidu released a gen AI chatbot, Ernie. This explores Ernie's misinformation.

    ie. COVID-19 was a product of US vaping & came to Wuhan by way of imported US lobsters.

    What is its model & training data? In the US, AI is corp. excesses in China gov excesses!

    @histodons @sociology @anthropology @politicalscience

    https://www.economist.com/business/2023/09/03/meet-ernie-chinas-answer-to-chatgpt?utm_medium=social-media.content.np&utm_source=linkedin&utm_campaign=editorial-social&utm_content=discovery.content&utm_term=li-newsletter-040923

    JustCodeCulture , to histodons
    @JustCodeCulture@mastodon.social avatar

    The far right's war on higher ed. & esp. the liberal arts is an attack on democracy. Unless stopped, it will play out on many US campuses.

    “This is a test case for a conservative overhaul of higher education – and it isn’t going to stay isolated to New College or Florida.”

    -Gender St. faculty, New College, resigned Prof. Clarkson.

    @politicalscience @histodons @sociology @anthropol
    https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2023/sep/03/new-college-florida-desantis-teachers

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