estelle , to random
@estelle@techhub.social avatar

Here is an overview of how British rich nobility weaponised "race" to deport people in servitude.

Let's start with a landmark book:

estelle OP ,
@estelle@techhub.social avatar

"The still current term connects directly to collective degradation, in the form of the gendered, eastern slave trade, via the network of learned societies that so deeply influenced the in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries."

… wrote Nell Irvin Painter about Johann Friedrich , in a conference at on "Slavery and the Construction of ", 2003: https://glc.yale.edu/sites/default/files/files/events/race/Painter.pdf

RanaldClouston , to bookstodon
@RanaldClouston@fediscience.org avatar

this on the non- Western contribution to science from 1450 on; stories range from brutal exploitation of indigenous biological knowledge to scientists like SN Bose who worked in more collaborative and acknowledged ways. Prose is a little pedestrian and academic but the material is really interesting. Not impressed with the erasure of Rutherford's New Zealand nationality though! @bookstodon

Excerpt from book, describing Ernest Rutherford as British and using this as an example of a non-European scientist (in this case, Hantaro Nagaoka) not gettting proper credit for discoveries.

bibliolater , to earlymodern
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

"This article is an attempt to characterize part of the information that circulated in this transitional period through a comparative examination of Portuguese nautical instructions and Arabic navigational treatises, focusing specifically on the stars used for latitude measurements."

Bénard Inês (2022) ‘The stars in sixteenth-century nautical literature: a comparative study’. Zenodo. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6985465 @earlymodern @histodon @histodons

bibliolater , to biology
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

"The essay shows that while the majority of research projects at SIRB concerned medical genetics in the years 1936−1960, racial science never disappeared. SIRB scientists engaged in theoretical debates on the concept of race and conducted racial surveys of the Swedish population, using anthropometry and later serology as research methods."

Martin Ericsson (2021) What happened to ‘race’ in race biology? The Swedish State Institute for Race Biology, 1936−1960, Scandinavian Journal of History, 46:1, 125-148, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/03468755.2020.1778520 @science @biology

bibliolater , to biology
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

"The essay shows that while the majority of research projects at SIRB concerned medical genetics in the years 1936−1960, racial science never disappeared. SIRB scientists engaged in theoretical debates on the concept of race and conducted racial surveys of the Swedish population, using anthropometry and later serology as research methods."

Martin Ericsson (2021) What happened to ‘race’ in race biology? The Swedish State Institute for Race Biology, 1936−1960, Scandinavian Journal of History, 46:1, 125-148, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/03468755.2020.1778520 @science @biology

bibliolater , to earlymodern
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

For those interested has an excellent book on Newton's theological writings entitled 'Priest of Nature: The Religious Worlds of Isaac Newton'.

@bookstodon @earlymodern

IHChistory , to histodons
@IHChistory@masto.pt avatar

📖 2023's second issue of — Journal of History of Science is now online. The theme is "Social History of Science and Historiography: Where are We in Brazil?".

🔓 Available in : https://sciendo.com/issue/HOST/17/2

@histodons

bibliolater , to science
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

"I argue that inclusion of Occam's razor is an essential factor that distinguishes science from superstition and pseudoscience. I also describe how the razor is embedded in Bayesian inference and argue that science is primarily the means to discover the simplest descriptions of our world."

McFadden, J. (2023). Razor sharp: The role of Occam's razor in science. Ann NY Acad Sci, 1530, 8–17. https://doi.org/10.1111/nyas.15086 @science

bibliolater , to earlymodern
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar
bibliolater , to science
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

"Abraham de Moivre (born May 26, 1667, Vitry, Fr.—died Nov. 27, 1754, London) French mathematician who was a pioneer in the development of analytic trigonometry and in the theory of probability"

Britannica, The Editors of Encyclopaedia. "Abraham de Moivre". Encyclopedia Britannica, 23 Nov. 2023, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Abraham-de-Moivre. Accessed 27 November 2023. @science

appassionato , to bookstodon
@appassionato@mastodon.social avatar

The Atom in the History of Human Thought

Here is a panoramic intellectual history that begins in ancient Greece, ranges across the entire span of Western philosophy and science, and ends with the first direct visual proof of the atom's existence.

@bookstodon



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  • IHChistory , to histodons
    @IHChistory@masto.pt avatar

    ✍️ HoST — Journal of History of Science and Technology, has opened a call for thematic dossiers to be published in 2025.

    encourages submissions of original historical research exploring the cultural, social and political dimensions of science, technology, and medicine (), both from a local and a global perspective.

    📅 Proposals should be submitted by 20 January 2024.

    ℹ️ https://ihc.fcsh.unl.pt/en/call-host-2023/

    @histodons

    IHChistory , to histodons
    @IHChistory@masto.pt avatar

    ❗️The applications for a Junior Researcher position for the project "KNOW-AFRICA - Knowledge networks in 19th century Africa", coordinated by Sara Albuquerque at the University of Évora, closes on 20 November.

    👉 https://ihc.fcsh.unl.pt/en/jr-knowafrica-2023/

    @histodons

    christinkallama , to histodons
    @christinkallama@mastodon.social avatar

    This article (from 2021) is infuriating on the unwillingness of Very Important Scientists to reconsider their categories and recognize that during the crucial first phase of the pandemic, and illuminating on how the work of can help scientists understand how their categories came to be.

    The description of the historical work is fascinating - and, of course, leads to a .

    https://www.wired.com/story/the-teeny-tiny-scientific-screwup-that-helped-covid-kill/

    @histodons

    ElleSabine , to romancebooks
    @ElleSabine@romancelandia.club avatar

    I first The Lady’s Guide to Celestial Mechanics by Olivia Waite in Feb 2020 when I had a mystery virus that put me to bed for a week. I can only plead illness for giving it only 4⭐️ in GR. This week, I bought the . I’ve now revised to a perfect 5⭐️ - a perfect F/F . In addition to the , it dives into access & equity debates of women’s & 🏳️‍🌈🏳️‍⚧️ rights. @romancebooks @bookstodon
    https://amzn.to/3Sn3z50

    ElleSabine OP ,
    @ElleSabine@romancelandia.club avatar

    @hendric @romancebooks @bookstodon @herhandsmyhands it’s a fictional historical romance, so it’s science as understood in 1831: mostly astronomy, physics, & the first concepts of Babbage’s analytical engine. But primarily it’s a fictionalized account of Mary Somerville translating the Marquis de Laplace's “Mécanique Céleste” as “The Mechanism of the Heavens” -if she’d been gay, single, & 23yo. (She was 51yo, married twice, & a mother by 1831.)

    TheConversationUS , to histodons
    @TheConversationUS@newsie.social avatar

    In 1911, George de Hevesy had the sneaking suspicion that the kitchen of his boarding house cafeteria was reusing leftovers in their soup.

    So he came up with a plan and sneakily sprinkled a small amount of radioactive material in his leftover meat. A few days later, he measured the radioactivity in the prepared food – catching his landlady red-handed. It was the first successful radioactive tracer experiment.
    https://theconversation.com/how-a-disgruntled-scientist-looking-to-prove-his-food-wasnt-fresh-discovered-radioactive-tracers-and-won-a-nobel-prize-80-years-ago-214784
    @histodons

    IHChistory , to histodons
    @IHChistory@masto.pt avatar

    🆕 We have some great news:

    the journals : Revista Portuguesa da Imagem em Movimento and - Journal of History of Science and Technology, both published with the support of the IHC, have been accepted for indexing by the platform! 🥳🎊

    👉 https://ihc.fcsh.unl.pt/en/aniki-host-scopus/

    @histodons
    @filmstudies
    @historyofmedicine

    bibliolater , to random
    @bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

    🧵 : this the first in a series of that will eventually be stitched together into a related to 📚 and 📘. (1)

    bibliolater OP ,
    @bibliolater@qoto.org avatar
    bibliolater OP ,
    @bibliolater@qoto.org avatar
    bibliolater OP ,
    @bibliolater@qoto.org avatar
    estelle , to psychology
    @estelle@techhub.social avatar

    is a philosophical position or view that is the source of knowledge.

    Vernon J. wrote that rationalism is defined as a methodology or a theory "in which the criterion of is not sensory but intellectual and deductive."

    @psychology

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