bibliolater , to AI stuff
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

"Our research pioneers an innovative methodology for generating synthetic training data tailored to Old Aramaic letters. Our pipeline synthesizes photo-realistic Aramaic letter datasets, incorporating textural features, lighting, damage, and augmentations to mimic real-world inscription diversity. Despite minimal real examples, we engineer a dataset of 250 000 training and 25 000 validation images covering the 22 letter classes in the Aramaic alphabet."

Aioanei AC, Hunziker-Rodewald RR, Klein KM, Michels DL (2024) Deep Aramaic: Towards a synthetic data paradigm enabling machine learning in epigraphy. PLOS ONE 19(4): e0299297. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0299297 @linguistics

bibliolater , to Archaeodons group
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

First evidence for human occupation of a lava tube in Arabia: The archaeology of Umm Jirsan Cave and its surroundings, northern Saudi Arabia

"The lava tube does not appear to have served as a permanent habitation location, but rather as a site that likely lay on herding routes and that allowed access to shade and water for passing herders and their animals. Prior to this, as well as during pastoral periods, the lava tube was likely also linked with hunting activities, which probably remained a cornerstone of local economies into the Bronze Age."

Stewart M, Andrieux E, Blinkhorn J, Guagnin M, Fernandes R, et al. (2024) First evidence for human occupation of a lava tube in Arabia: The archaeology of Umm Jirsan Cave and its surroundings, northern Saudi Arabia. PLOS ONE 19(4): e0299292. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0299292

@archaeodons @anthropology

bibliolater , to economics group
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

"Under a middle-of-the road scenario of future income development (SSP2, in which SSP stands for Shared Socio-economic Pathway), this corresponds to global annual damages in 2049 of 38 trillion in 2005 international dollars (likely range of 19–59 trillion 2005 international dollars)."

Kotz, M., Levermann, A. & Wenz, L. The economic commitment of climate change. Nature 628, 551–557 (2024). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-024-07219-0 @economics @climatechange

bibliolater , to histodon group
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

"Rereading the sources surveyed by Green and Fancy, we have found no evidence in the various texts that would tie the various epidemics/pandemics in Iraq, Syria, and Egypt to plague, supposedly brought unintentionally by the advancing Mongol army that besieged Baghdad in early 1258."

Brack, J., Biran, M. and Amitai, R. (2024) ‘Plague and the Mongol conquest of Baghdad (1258)? A reevaluation of the sources’, Medical History, pp. 1–19. doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/mdh.2023.38. @histodon @histodons

bibliolater , to politicalscience group
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

"Why is it that SDO and RWA are bound together at the genetic level not only with policy attitudes, but also with two of the most relevant Big Five personality traits, agreeableness and openness to experience? We conjecture that the underlying reason for these patterns of results may be that the human selective context of resource competition likely affected fundamental personality variation (especially trait Openness), but also independent traits designed to deal with problems of hierarchy-navigation (RWA/SDO), and their downstream political correlates."

Kleppesto, T. H., Czajkowski, N. O., Sheehy-Skeffington, J., Vassend, O., Roysamb, E., Eftedal, N. H., Kunst, J. R., Ystrom, E., & Thomsen, L. (2024). The genetic underpinnings of right-wing authoritarianism and social dominance orientation explain political attitudes beyond Big Five personality. Journal of Personality, 00, 1–15. https://doi.org/10.1111/jopy.12921 @psychology @politicalscience

bibliolater , to politicalscience group
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

"Why is it that SDO and RWA are bound together at the genetic level not only with policy attitudes, but also with two of the most relevant Big Five personality traits, agreeableness and openness to experience? We conjecture that the underlying reason for these patterns of results may be that the human selective context of resource competition likely affected fundamental personality variation (especially trait Openness), but also independent traits designed to deal with problems of hierarchy-navigation (RWA/SDO), and their downstream political correlates."

Kleppesto, T. H., Czajkowski, N. O., Sheehy-Skeffington, J., Vassend, O., Roysamb, E., Eftedal, N. H., Kunst, J. R., Ystrom, E., & Thomsen, L. (2024). The genetic underpinnings of right-wing authoritarianism and social dominance orientation explain political attitudes beyond Big Five personality. Journal of Personality, 00, 1–15. https://doi.org/10.1111/jopy.12921 -Wing @psychology @politicalscience

bibliolater , to politicalscience group
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

The genetic underpinnings of right-wing authoritarianism and social dominance orientation explain political attitudes beyond Big Five personality.

"Why is it that SDO and RWA are bound together at the genetic level not only with policy attitudes, but also with two of the most relevant Big Five personality traits, agreeableness and openness to experience? We conjecture that the underlying reason for these patterns of results may be that the human selective context of resource competition likely affected fundamental personality variation (especially trait Openness), but also independent traits designed to deal with problems of hierarchy-navigation (RWA/SDO), and their downstream political correlates."

Kleppesto, T. H., Czajkowski, N. O., Sheehy-Skeffington, J., Vassend, O., Roysamb, E., Eftedal, N. H., Kunst, J. R., Ystrom, E., & Thomsen, L. (2024). The genetic underpinnings of right-wing authoritarianism and social dominance orientation explain political attitudes beyond Big Five personality. Journal of Personality, 00, 1–15. https://doi.org/10.1111/jopy.12921 -Wing @psychology @politicalscience

bibliolater , to science group
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

"Our overarching finding is that except for very high northern latitudes, ESMs project ongoing and future extreme temperature acceleration beyond background warming levels during the hottest months."

Huntingford, C., Cox, P.M., Ritchie, P.D.L. et al. Acceleration of daily land temperature extremes and correlations with surface energy fluxes. npj Clim Atmos Sci 7, 84 (2024). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41612-024-00626-0 @climatechange @science

bibliolater , to earlymodern group
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

"The modus operandi of men like Hawkins was to sail to Guinea, acquire a cargo of enslaved people, by force and/or barter, and ship them to the Spanish Caribbean and Mexico.91 Here, Hawkins would claim inclement weather had forced him to the area (a tactic used by many illicit traders), offer platitudes to local officials and sometimes promise to help clear out foreign pirates from the area.92 In return, he asked the Spanish to purchase his enslaved people. If that failed, he became aggressive, after which the local elites, often under-manned and in relatively lightly defended settlements, would agree to purchase his human cargo."

Gary Paul Baker, Craig Lambert, ‘William Fowler’, Sir William Garrard, Sir John Hawkins and the Sixteenth-Century Atlantic Slave Trade, The English Historical Review, 2024;, cead213, https://doi.org/10.1093/ehr/cead213 @histodon @histodons @earlymodern

bibliolater , to psychology group
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

"The article asks whether people on the right of the ideological spectrum appraise the past, present, and future differently from people on the left. The data show that this is so in the case of the past: In all countries examined, right- compared to left-wing supporters evaluated the past as being more positive. In the United States and Poland, and possibly also in the United Kingdom (although in the latter country the results of the regression analysis are not confirmed by the Pearson correlation), an effect emerges also when considering the good-prospect future scenario: This was evaluated more positively on the left."

Rigoli, F. (2024). Ideology shapes evaluation of history within the general population. Political Psychology, 00, 1–23. https://doi.org/10.1111/pops.12971 @psychology

bibliolater , to politicalscience group
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

"Modern imperialism is embodied by industrial capitalism, which prioritizes resource extraction and maximizing profit. This paradigm is deeply embedded in the fabric of global affairs, influencing international trade, political dynamics, and the economic frameworks of nations".

Charles Fletcher, William J Ripple, Thomas Newsome, Phoebe Barnard, Kamanamaikalani Beamer, Aishwarya Behl, Jay Bowen, Michael Cooney, Eileen Crist, Christopher Field, Krista Hiser, David M Karl, David A King, Michael E Mann, Davianna P McGregor, Camilo Mora, Naomi Oreskes, Michael Wilson, Earth at risk: An urgent call to end the age of destruction and forge a just and sustainable future, PNAS Nexus, Volume 3, Issue 4, April 2024, pgae106, https://doi.org/10.1093/pnasnexus/pgae106 @economics @climatechange @politicalscience

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  • bibliolater , to politicalscience group
    @bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

    "Modern imperialism is embodied by industrial capitalism, which prioritizes resource extraction and maximizing profit. This paradigm is deeply embedded in the fabric of global affairs, influencing international trade, political dynamics, and the economic frameworks of nations".

    Charles Fletcher, William J Ripple, Thomas Newsome, Phoebe Barnard, Kamanamaikalani Beamer, Aishwarya Behl, Jay Bowen, Michael Cooney, Eileen Crist, Christopher Field, Krista Hiser, David M Karl, David A King, Michael E Mann, Davianna P McGregor, Camilo Mora, Naomi Oreskes, Michael Wilson, Earth at risk: An urgent call to end the age of destruction and forge a just and sustainable future, PNAS Nexus, Volume 3, Issue 4, April 2024, pgae106, https://doi.org/10.1093/pnasnexus/pgae106 @economics @climatechange @politicalscience

    bibliolater , to Archaeodons group
    @bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

    "We propose that early humans knew that elephants consistently walked along the same paths to waterholes and used this information to hunt/ambush elephants along these paths. In the course of hunting/ambushing elephants, humans repeatedly utilized specific quarry sites along the trails in preparation for butchering the large game."

    Finkel, M., Barkai, R. Quarries as Places of Significance in the Lower Paleolithic Holy Triad of Elephants, Water, and Stone. Arch (2024). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11759-024-09491-y @archaeodons

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  • cazabon , to Random
    @cazabon@mindly.social avatar

    Hey, - a last-ditch attempt to help a friend here. He's trying to find a copy of an he wrote for a many years ago - probably more than 20 years. It was published in a mag called "" and the article title was probably "Road America" - it was about the race course in .

    The magazine didn't last long and disappeared. The author is Fred Reed. I haven't been able to find it. If your search-fu finds it, let me know? Thanks!

    metin , to Random
    @metin@graphics.social avatar

    Damnit, you can't do anything anymore these days! 😉

    𝖢𝗈𝗆𝗉𝗅𝖺𝗂𝗇𝗂𝗇𝗀 𝗂𝗌 𝖡𝖺𝖽 𝖿𝗈𝗋 𝗒𝗈𝗎𝗋 𝖡𝗋𝖺𝗂𝗇

    https://m1psychology.com/complaining-is-bad-for-your-brain/

    bibliolater , to philosophy group
    @bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

    "Can you be authentic if you lie about what you value, believe, or feel? This brief article explores this question and the unique stances on honesty that different notions of authenticity take."

    Leuenberger, M. (2024) ‘The Authentic Liar’, Think, 23(67), pp. 27–30. doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1477175623000465 @philosophy

    freeschool ,
    @freeschool@qoto.org avatar

    @bibliolater @philosophy
    It would be nice or a bonus if your post could include 1 or 2 gems from those references or sources as it would give value having read it yourself and to it's contents as example.
    :thumbsup_hmn_h2: Upto you.

    bibliolater , to philosophy group
    @bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

    "Can you be authentic if you lie about what you value, believe, or feel? This brief article explores this question and the unique stances on honesty that different notions of authenticity take."

    Leuenberger, M. (2024) ‘The Authentic Liar’, Think, 23(67), pp. 27–30. doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1477175623000465 @philosophy

    bibliolater , to philosophy group
    @bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

    "In this paper, I examine if and how Aristotle’s philosophy of geometry can account for the geometers’ practices and way of talking."

    Chiara Martini, Geometrical Changes: Change and Motion in Aristotle’s Philosophy of Geometry, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Volume 123, Issue 3, October 2023, Pages 385–394, https://doi.org/10.1093/arisoc/aoad018 @philosophy

    attribution: Enea Vico, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons. Page URL: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Speculum_Romanae_Magnificentiae-_Aristotle_MET_DP870290.jpg

    bibliolater , to Archaeodons group
    @bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

    "Here we combine genetic evidence and palaeoecological models to infer the geographic location that acted as the Hub for our species during the early phases of colonisation of Eurasia."

    Vallini, L., Zampieri, C., Shoaee, M.J. et al. The Persian plateau served as hub for Homo sapiens after the main out of Africa dispersal. Nat Commun 15, 1882 (2024). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-024-46161-7 @archaeodons @anthropology @biology @science

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  • bibliolater , to histodon group
    @bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

    🇺🇸 🇬🇧 🇫🇷 "Leading up to the War of American Independence, a debate began in the Dutch Republic on how neutrality could be advantageously defined to promote commerce without becoming involved in wars of ‘entangling alliances'. The actors in this debate would produce arguments that were later adopted by members of George Washington’s cabinet."

    Ariane Viktoria Fichtl (2024) Idea(s) of Dutch Neutrality in the American Debate on Neutral Rights (1793–1807), Global Intellectual History, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/23801883.2024.2326131 @histodon @histodons

    bibliolater , to histodon group
    @bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

    🇺🇸 🇬🇧 🇫🇷 "Leading up to the War of American Independence, a debate began in the Dutch Republic on how neutrality could be advantageously defined to promote commerce without becoming involved in wars of ‘entangling alliances'. The actors in this debate would produce arguments that were later adopted by members of George Washington’s cabinet. Alexander Hamilton was the advocate of ‘strict' neutrality, while Thomas Jefferson was in favour of ‘active’ neutrality."

    Ariane Viktoria Fichtl (2024) Idea(s) of Dutch Neutrality in the American Debate on Neutral Rights (1793–1807), Global Intellectual History, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/23801883.2024.2326131 @histodon @histodons

    bibliolater , to histodon group
    @bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

    "Leading up to the War of American Independence, a debate began in the Dutch Republic on how neutrality could be advantageously defined to promote commerce without becoming involved in wars of ‘entangling alliances'. The actors in this debate would produce arguments that were later adopted by members of George Washington’s cabinet. Alexander Hamilton was the advocate of ‘strict' neutrality, while Thomas Jefferson was in favour of ‘active’ neutrality."

    Ariane Viktoria Fichtl (2024) Idea(s) of Dutch Neutrality in the American Debate on Neutral Rights (1793–1807), Global Intellectual History, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/23801883.2024.2326131 @histodon @histodons

    bibliolater , to Archaeodons group
    @bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

    "In this way, La Marmotta is causing a literal sea change in our view of those first Neolithic farming groups. It was always difficult to understand how they could have travelled around all Mediterranean Europe. The Marmotta canoes are not only outstanding evidence of how they achieved that but also an example of the complexity of those societies from the viewpoint of their social and technical organisation."

    Gibaja JF, Mineo M, Santos FJ, Morell B, Caruso-Fermé L, et al. (2024) The first Neolithic boats in the Mediterranean: The settlement of La Marmotta (Anguillara Sabazia, Lazio, Italy). PLOS ONE 19(3): e0299765. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0299765 @archaeodons @anthropology

    Gamers_Mate , to Fedia Discussions in Is anyone else finding it impossible to block anything from hexbear.net?

    If you use ublock origin adding the following to the filter list should help.
    fedia.io#.entry:has(aside.meta > a.magazine-inline[href$="@hexbear.netl"])

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