bibliolater , to science group
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

"We present a set of large pedigrees, reconstructed using ancient DNA, spanning nine generations and comprising around 300 individuals. We uncover a strict patrilineal kinship system, in which patrilocality and female exogamy were the norm and multiple reproductive partnering and levirate unions were common. The absence of consanguinity indicates that this society maintained a detailed memory of ancestry over generations."

Gnecchi-Ruscone, G.A., Rácz, Z., Samu, L. et al. Network of large pedigrees reveals social practices of Avar communities. Nature (2024). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-024-07312-4

@science @histodon @histodons

bibliolater , to histodon group
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

"We present a set of large pedigrees, reconstructed using ancient DNA, spanning nine generations and comprising around 300 individuals. We uncover a strict patrilineal kinship system, in which patrilocality and female exogamy were the norm and multiple reproductive partnering and levirate unions were common. The absence of consanguinity indicates that this society maintained a detailed memory of ancestry over generations."

Gnecchi-Ruscone, G.A., Rácz, Z., Samu, L. et al. Network of large pedigrees reveals social practices of Avar communities. Nature (2024). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-024-07312-4

science@a.gup.pe @histodon @histodons

bibliolater , to AI stuff
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

On the trail of deepfakes, Drexel researchers identify ‘fingerprints’ of AI-generated video

"The lab’s tools use a sophisticated machine learning program called a constrained neural network. This algorithm can learn, in ways similar to the human brain, what is “normal” and what is “unusual” at the sub-pixel level of images and videos, rather than searching for specific predetermined identifiers of manipulation from the outset."

https://scienmag.com/on-the-trail-of-deepfakes-drexel-researchers-identify-fingerprints-of-ai-generated-video/

@science @engineering

attribution: Madhav-Malhotra-003, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons. Page URL: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Artificial_Intelligence_Word_Cloud.png

bibliolater , to AI stuff
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

"All tested LLMs performed poorly on medical code querying, often generating codes conveying imprecise or fabricated information. LLMs are not appropriate for use on medical coding tasks without additional research."

Soroush, A. et al. (2024) 'Large language models are poor medical coders — benchmarking of medical code querying,' NEJM AI [Preprint]. https://doi.org/10.1056/aidbp2300040. @science

bibliolater , to AI stuff
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

"Our research pioneers an innovative methodology for generating synthetic training data tailored to Old Aramaic letters. Our pipeline synthesizes photo-realistic Aramaic letter datasets, incorporating textural features, lighting, damage, and augmentations to mimic real-world inscription diversity. Despite minimal real examples, we engineer a dataset of 250 000 training and 25 000 validation images covering the 22 letter classes in the Aramaic alphabet."

Aioanei AC, Hunziker-Rodewald RR, Klein KM, Michels DL (2024) Deep Aramaic: Towards a synthetic data paradigm enabling machine learning in epigraphy. PLOS ONE 19(4): e0299297. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0299297 @linguistics

bibliolater , to Archaeodons group
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

First evidence for human occupation of a lava tube in Arabia: The archaeology of Umm Jirsan Cave and its surroundings, northern Saudi Arabia

"The lava tube does not appear to have served as a permanent habitation location, but rather as a site that likely lay on herding routes and that allowed access to shade and water for passing herders and their animals. Prior to this, as well as during pastoral periods, the lava tube was likely also linked with hunting activities, which probably remained a cornerstone of local economies into the Bronze Age."

Stewart M, Andrieux E, Blinkhorn J, Guagnin M, Fernandes R, et al. (2024) First evidence for human occupation of a lava tube in Arabia: The archaeology of Umm Jirsan Cave and its surroundings, northern Saudi Arabia. PLOS ONE 19(4): e0299292. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0299292

@archaeodons @anthropology

bibliolater , to economics group
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

"Under a middle-of-the road scenario of future income development (SSP2, in which SSP stands for Shared Socio-economic Pathway), this corresponds to global annual damages in 2049 of 38 trillion in 2005 international dollars (likely range of 19–59 trillion 2005 international dollars)."

Kotz, M., Levermann, A. & Wenz, L. The economic commitment of climate change. Nature 628, 551–557 (2024). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-024-07219-0 @economics @climatechange

bibliolater , to AcademicChatter group
@bibliolater@qoto.org avatar
RonaldVisser , to AcademicChatter group
@RonaldVisser@akademienl.social avatar


This is a weird choice for an abbreviation:

"SS is an excellent place for ѕсholars"

No, I do not want to join the SS!

@academicchatter

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  • bibliolater , to science group
    @bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

    Why European Colonization Drove the Blue Antelope to Extinction

    "The results of the study, which have now been published in "Current Biology", show that the species was probably adapted to a small population size and survived like this for thousands of years. However, this also made them susceptible to sudden impacts like hunting, which increased after European colonization of southern Africa."

    https://www.uni-potsdam.de/en/pressreleases/detail/2024-04-12-why-european-colonization-drove-the-blue-antelope-to-extinction

    @science @biology

    bibliolater , to AI stuff
    @bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

    ChatGPT hallucinates fake but plausible scientific citations at a staggering rate, study finds

    "MacDonald found that a total of 32.3% of the 300 citations generated by ChatGPT were hallucinated. Despite being fabricated, these hallucinated citations were constructed with elements that appeared legitimate — such as real authors who are recognized in their respective fields, properly formatted DOIs, and references to legitimate peer-reviewed journals."

    https://www.psypost.org/chatgpt-hallucinates-fake-but-plausible-scientific-citations-at-a-staggering-rate-study-finds/

    @science @ai

    attribution: Madhav-Malhotra-003, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons. Page URL: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Artificial_Intelligence_Word_Cloud.png

    bibliolater , to histodon group
    @bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

    "Rereading the sources surveyed by Green and Fancy, we have found no evidence in the various texts that would tie the various epidemics/pandemics in Iraq, Syria, and Egypt to plague, supposedly brought unintentionally by the advancing Mongol army that besieged Baghdad in early 1258."

    Brack, J., Biran, M. and Amitai, R. (2024) ‘Plague and the Mongol conquest of Baghdad (1258)? A reevaluation of the sources’, Medical History, pp. 1–19. doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/mdh.2023.38. @histodon @histodons

    bibliolater , to politicalscience group
    @bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

    "Why is it that SDO and RWA are bound together at the genetic level not only with policy attitudes, but also with two of the most relevant Big Five personality traits, agreeableness and openness to experience? We conjecture that the underlying reason for these patterns of results may be that the human selective context of resource competition likely affected fundamental personality variation (especially trait Openness), but also independent traits designed to deal with problems of hierarchy-navigation (RWA/SDO), and their downstream political correlates."

    Kleppesto, T. H., Czajkowski, N. O., Sheehy-Skeffington, J., Vassend, O., Roysamb, E., Eftedal, N. H., Kunst, J. R., Ystrom, E., & Thomsen, L. (2024). The genetic underpinnings of right-wing authoritarianism and social dominance orientation explain political attitudes beyond Big Five personality. Journal of Personality, 00, 1–15. https://doi.org/10.1111/jopy.12921 @psychology @politicalscience

    appassionato , to bookstodon group
    @appassionato@mastodon.social avatar

    Handbook of Genocide Studies by David J. Simon, 2023

    Providing an intellectual biography of the challenging concept of genocide from inception to present day, this topical Handbook takes an interdisciplinary approach to shed new light on the events, processes, and legacies in the field.

    @bookstodon



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  • bibliolater , to physics group
    @bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

    "Portland Community College physics professor Toby Dittrich plans to perform a modern version of the Eddington experiment during the eclipse.

    The original experiment was first done during the 1919 total solar eclipse by a team of scientists off the coast of Africa that tested Albert Einstein’s theory of relativity." https://youtu.be/dgIxPEP4xxs @science @physics @astronomy

    bibliolater , to physics group
    @bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

    "Portland Community College physics professor Toby Dittrich plans to perform a modern version of the Eddington experiment during the eclipse.

    The original experiment was first done during the 1919 total solar eclipse by a team of scientists off the coast of Africa that tested Albert Einstein’s theory of relativity." https://youtu.be/dgIxPEP4xxs @science @physics @astronomy

    bibliolater , to science group
    @bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

    "Our overarching finding is that except for very high northern latitudes, ESMs project ongoing and future extreme temperature acceleration beyond background warming levels during the hottest months."

    Huntingford, C., Cox, P.M., Ritchie, P.D.L. et al. Acceleration of daily land temperature extremes and correlations with surface energy fluxes. npj Clim Atmos Sci 7, 84 (2024). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41612-024-00626-0 @climatechange @science

    bibliolater , to earlymodern group
    @bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

    "The modus operandi of men like Hawkins was to sail to Guinea, acquire a cargo of enslaved people, by force and/or barter, and ship them to the Spanish Caribbean and Mexico.91 Here, Hawkins would claim inclement weather had forced him to the area (a tactic used by many illicit traders), offer platitudes to local officials and sometimes promise to help clear out foreign pirates from the area.92 In return, he asked the Spanish to purchase his enslaved people. If that failed, he became aggressive, after which the local elites, often under-manned and in relatively lightly defended settlements, would agree to purchase his human cargo."

    Gary Paul Baker, Craig Lambert, ‘William Fowler’, Sir William Garrard, Sir John Hawkins and the Sixteenth-Century Atlantic Slave Trade, The English Historical Review, 2024;, cead213, https://doi.org/10.1093/ehr/cead213 @histodon @histodons @earlymodern

    bibliolater , to science group
    @bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

    "It’s no surprise that fertility is dropping in many countries, which demographers attribute to factors such as higher education levels among people who give birth, rising incomes, and expanded access to contraceptives. The United States is at 1.6 instead of the requisite 2.1, for example, and China and Taiwan are hovering at about 1.2 and one, respectively." https://www.doi.org/10.1126/science.ze0x33r @science

    attribution: Christinelmiller, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons. Page URL: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Egg_and_Sperm.png

    bibliolater , to psychology group
    @bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

    "The article asks whether people on the right of the ideological spectrum appraise the past, present, and future differently from people on the left. The data show that this is so in the case of the past: In all countries examined, right- compared to left-wing supporters evaluated the past as being more positive. In the United States and Poland, and possibly also in the United Kingdom (although in the latter country the results of the regression analysis are not confirmed by the Pearson correlation), an effect emerges also when considering the good-prospect future scenario: This was evaluated more positively on the left."

    Rigoli, F. (2024). Ideology shapes evaluation of history within the general population. Political Psychology, 00, 1–23. https://doi.org/10.1111/pops.12971 @psychology

    bibliolater , to Archaeodons group
    @bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

    "We propose that early humans knew that elephants consistently walked along the same paths to waterholes and used this information to hunt/ambush elephants along these paths. In the course of hunting/ambushing elephants, humans repeatedly utilized specific quarry sites along the trails in preparation for butchering the large game."

    Finkel, M., Barkai, R. Quarries as Places of Significance in the Lower Paleolithic Holy Triad of Elephants, Water, and Stone. Arch (2024). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11759-024-09491-y @archaeodons

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  • arielkroon , to AcademicChatter group
    @arielkroon@wandering.shop avatar

    Is every research assistant/associate position in the Humanities for graduate students only?! I gotta start looking elsewhere.... wherever that is...

    @academicchatter

    bibliolater , to philosophy group
    @bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

    "Can you be authentic if you lie about what you value, believe, or feel? This brief article explores this question and the unique stances on honesty that different notions of authenticity take."

    Leuenberger, M. (2024) ‘The Authentic Liar’, Think, 23(67), pp. 27–30. doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1477175623000465 @philosophy

    freeschool ,
    @freeschool@qoto.org avatar

    @bibliolater @philosophy
    It would be nice or a bonus if your post could include 1 or 2 gems from those references or sources as it would give value having read it yourself and to it's contents as example.
    :thumbsup_hmn_h2: Upto you.

    bibliolater , to Random
    @bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

    🧵 : this the first in a series of that will eventually be stitched together into a related to 📚 and 📘. (1)

    bibliolater OP ,
    @bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

    "It is about the Land according to the redefined Judaism that emerged in the centuries following the destruction of the Jerusalem Temple in 70 CE. This Judaism replaced the temple cult with Torah study - a study that pertained in part to that very temple cult, that became a portable homeland, and that reconfigured the Land."

    Cordoni, C. (01 Mar. 2024). Reconfiguring the Land of Israel, Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill. Available From: Brill https://doi.org/10.1163/9789004696761 [Accessed 02 April 2024]. @histodon @histodons
    @bookstodon (78)

    bibliolater OP ,
    @bibliolater@qoto.org avatar

    "It is about the Land according to the redefined Judaism that emerged in the centuries following the destruction of the Jerusalem Temple in 70 CE. This Judaism replaced the temple cult with Torah study - a study that pertained in part to that very temple cult, that became a portable homeland, and that reconfigured the Land."

    Cordoni, C. (01 Mar. 2024). Reconfiguring the Land of Israel, Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill. Available From: Brill https://doi.org/10.1163/9789004696761 [Accessed 02 April 2024]. @histodon @histodons @bookstodon (78)

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